IoT Protocols

Comparison

There is no one-size-fits-all connectivity technology that can provide an optimal solution for all IoT applications. It is a question of selecting the best-suited option for each use-case at hand.

 

Features LTE Cat 1 LTE Cat M1 EC-GSM-IoT NB-IoT Rel 14 Zigbee SigFox LoRa Google Thread Bluetooth LE Wirepas Mesh
Channel Bandwidth1.4 MHz1.08 MHz200 KHz180 KHz600 KHz - 5 MHz 0.1 KHz100 Hz125 KHz600 kHz - 5 MHz2 MHz2 MHz
Transmission DuplexityFullFull/HalfHalf (FDD)HalfHalfHalfHalfHalfFull/HalfFull/Half
Downlink (DL) peak rate 10 Mbps 1 Mbps70 kbps (GMSK) - 240kbps (8PSK) 127 Kbps20 - 250 kbps 100 - 600 bps 300 bps - 50 kbps 20 – 250 kbps125 kbps, 500 kbps, 1 Mbps, 2 Mbps1 Mbps
Uplink (UL) peak rate5 Mbps1 Mbps70 kbps (GMSK) - 240kbps (8PSK) 159 kbps20 - 250 kbps100 to 600 bps (depending on the country) ~300 bps - 50 kbps20 – 250 kbps125 kbps, 500 kbps, 1 Mbps, 2 Mbps1 Mbps
Number of Antennae21 1 -21111 1
Latency range10-15 msec10-15 msec700 msec - 2 sec <10 sec15 msec> 20 sec1 - 100 msec< 100 msec,13.5 msec - 1 sec< 3 msec,< 10 msec
Data limit Not defined Not defined Not defined Not defined Not defined140 msg/day uplink, 4 msg/day downlink Not defined Not defined Not defined Not defined
Size of payload in a data packet Not defined Not defined Not defined Not definedMAC PDU 0 – 102 bytesPayload 0-12 B uplink, 8 B downlink Payload 51-222 BMAC PDU 0 – 102 B0 - 2790 bits102 bytes
Duty cycle Not defined Not defined Not defined Not defined<1%Max 30 sec/hour (<1%)<1%<1% in some bands Not defined Not defined
Data EncryptionEPS-AKA EPS-AKAUMTS AKA (EPS-AKA)AES 128Private key, VPN+SSL128-bit NwkSkey/ AppSkeyTLS, DTLS,SHA-256AES-CCM, HMAC-SHA256, P256 ECDH, HMAC-SHA-256 AES 128
Device AuthenticationSIMSIMSIMSIMZigbee device authenticationUnique ID/ Private key64-bit DevEUI EC-JPAKESAFER+, HMAC SHA256 Authentication Key
Voice communication support VoLTE VoLTE GSM No No No No No No No
PositioningE-CDIE-CDICell ID OTDOA, E-CIDYes Sigfox GeolocationNative positioning iBeaconWirepas Positioning Engine
Standardization organization3GPP Rel8 3GPP Rel13 3GPP Rel133GPP Release 14Zigbee alliance Private company, open standard LoRa allianceThread groupBluetooth Special Interest Group Private Company
UE bandwidth20 MHz1.4 MHz2.4 MHz 200 kHz200 kHz125 kHz
Maximum Transmission power23 dBm20/23 dBm23/33 dBm 14, 20, 23 dBm (depending on UE power class)Case dependent (~0 dBm)22 dBm22 dBmCase dependent (~0 dBm)0, 4, 20 dBm < 10 dBm in EU, < 19 dBm in US

IoT-Connectivity-Protocol-Comparison-table

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Read more:

IoT Protocols OverviewIoT frequency bandsTop Mesh ioT networks

 

LTE Cat 1LTE Cat M1EC-GSM-IoT
NB-IoTZigbeeSigFox
LoRaGoogle ThreadBluetooth LE
Wirepas Mesh

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